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Texas Objections
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1. Pre-trial Motions
I. Introduction
	§1:10	Scope of Chapter
II. Motion in Limine
	§1:20	Purpose
	§1:30	Advantages and Disadvantages
	§1:40	Civil Cases
	§1:50	Criminal Cases
	§1:60	Procedure
	§1:70	Ruling on Motion
	§1:80	Violation of Order
III. Striking Intervention
	§1:90	Procedure
	§1:100	Standard for Trial Court
	§1:110	Appellate Review
IV. Striking New Parties
	§1:120	Procedure
V. Continuance
	§1:130	Purpose
	§1:140	Motion for Recess Distinguished
	§1:150	Requirements
	§1:160	Timing of Motion
	§1:170	Agreed Motion
	§1:180	Insufficient Notice of Trial Setting
	§1:190	Additional Discovery Needed
	§1:200	Amended Pleadings
	§1:210	Continuance After Attorney’s Withdrawal
	§1:220	Legislative Continuances
	§1:230	Appellate Review
VI. Bifurcation of Exemplary Damages
	§1:240	Right to Bifurcation
	§1:250	Review of Order
VII. Separate Trials
	§1:260	When Separate Trials Permissible
VIII. Severance
	§1:270	Purpose
	§1:280	When Proper
	§1:290	Objection
	§1:300	Criminal Trials
	§1:310	Timing
	§1:320	Appellate Review
IX. Nonsuit
	§1:330	Effect
	§1:340	Claim for Affirmative Relief Precluding Nonsuit
	§1:350	Timing
	§1:360	Requirements
	§1:370	Review
X. Exclusion or Suppression of Evidence
	§1:380	Procedure
	§1:390	Oral Confessions
	§1:400	Involuntary Statements
	§1:410	Brady Violation
	§1:420	Unduly Suggestive Identification Procedures
2.  Trial Objections, Evidentiary Motions & Preserving Error on Evidentiary Rulings
I. Introduction
	§2:10	Scope of Chapter
	§2:20	Applicable Rules
	§2:30	Types of Evidence
	§2:40	Presentation and Admissibility of Evidence
	§2:50	Preliminary Questions Regarding Admissibility
II. Objections
A. Principles
	§2:60	Purpose
	§2:70	Admission of Improper Evidence
	§2:80	Evidence Admissible in Part
	§2:90	Preserving Record for Appeal
	§2:100	Anticipate Changes in Law
	§2:110	Cumulative Error
	§2:120	Fundamental Error
	§2:130	Harmless Error in Civil Cases
	§2:140	Harmless Error in Criminal Cases
	§2:150	Invited Error
	§2:160	Bases for Objecting
	§2:170	When Not to Object
B. Procedure
	1. General Points
		§2:180	Pretrial Preparation
		§2:190	Objecting in Limine
		§2:200	Objecting at Trial
		§2:210	Object in Time
		§2:220	State Basis
		§2:230	Renew Objections
		§2:240	Bench Trials
	2. Specific Types of Objections
		§2:250	Evidence Not Relevant to Pleadings
		§2:260	Improper Question or Comment
		§2:270	Questions by Court
		§2:280	Undisclosed Witnesses
		§2:290	Failure to Provide Requested Discovery
		§2:300	Evidence Outside Pretrial Order
		§2:310	Evidence Contrary to Admissions
		§2:320	Evidence at Variance with Pleadings
		§2:330	Request for Jury View
		§2:340	Deposition Excerpts
		§2:350	Documents
		§2:360	Opening or Closing Statement
		§2:370	Jury Charge
		§2:380	Continuing or Running Objections
		§2:390	Piggyback Objections
	3. Actions After Objection
		§2:400	Taking Exception
		§2:410	Secure Ruling
		§2:420	Obtain Record
		§2:430	Objection Sustained Against You
III. Bills of Exception and Offers of Proof
A. Bills of Exception
	§2:440	In General
	§2:450	Bystander Bill
B. Offers of Proof
	§2:460	Definition and Purpose
	§2:470	Right to Make Offer
	§2:480	Timing
	§2:490	Types of Offers
	§2:500	Multiple Parties
	§2:510	Limited Offer
	§2:520	Court’s Ruling
	§2:530	Steps for Preserving Error for Exclusion of Evidence
	§2:540	Procedure
	§2:550	Opposing Offer
IV. Motion for Leave to File Trial Amendment
	§2:560	In General
	§2:570	Trial by Consent
V. Motions to Strike
	§2:580	Definition and Purpose
	§2:590	When to Move to Strike
VI. Curative and Limiting Instructions
	§2:600	Definition and Purpose
	§2:610	Sample Curative Instructions
	§2:620	Limiting Instructions
VII. Motions for Mistrial
	§2:630	Definition and Purpose
	§2:640	When to Move
	§2:650	Review
3. Jury Selection
I. Principles
A. In General
	§3:10	Purpose
	§3:20	Right to Jury Trial
	§3:30	Order of Proceedings
	§3:40	Jury Pool and Panel
	§3:50	Jury Shuffle
	§3:60	Number of Jurors; Selection of Alternates
	§3:70	Jury Questionnaires
	§3:80	Swearing and Admonishment of Selected Jurors
B. Juror Qualifications
	1. In General
		§3:90	Requirements for Jury Service
		§3:100	Exemptions
		§3:110	Disqualifications in Particular Case
	2. Bias
		§3:120	Grounds
		§3:130	Determination
		§3:140	Civil Case Examples
		§3:150	Criminal Cases
		§3:160	No Rehabilitation
C. Voir Dire
	1. General Rules
		§3:170	Governing Law and Principles
		§3:180	Procedure
		§3:190	Individual Voir Dire
		§3:200	Supplementary Voir Dire
		§3:210	Court-Imposed Restrictions
		§3:220	Time Limits
		§3:230	Judicial Voir Dire
		§3:240	Panelist Misconduct
	2. Examination of Panel
		§3:250	Civil Cases
		§3:260	Criminal Cases
		§3:270	Impermissible Topics
	3. Preserving Error
		§3:280	Recording Voir Dire
		§3:290	Attorney Comments and Questions
		§3:300	Comments by Jurors
		§3:310	Refusal to Permit Some Questions
		§3:320	Jurors Not Struck for Cause
		§3:330	Time Limits
		§3:340	Batson Challenges
D. Excusing Jurors
	§3:350	During Voir Dire
	§3:360	After Trial Commences
E. Challenges
	§3:370	Overview
	§3:380	To Pool
	§3:390	For Cause
	§3:400	Peremptory
II. Objections
A. During Voir Dire
	§3:410	Arguing Case
	§3:420	Legal Matters
	§3:430	Repetitiveness
	§3:440	Seeking Commitment from Jury
	§3:450	Indoctrinating Jury Through Hypotheticals
	§3:460	Seeking Comments on Law or Evidence without Adequately Explaining Law
	§3:470	Juror Cannot Be Witness
	§3:480	Misstating Presumption of Innocence
	§3:490	Vague
	§3:500	Fishing Expedition
B. Challenges
	§3:510	Improperly Excusing Juror for Cause
	§3:520	Discriminatory Use of Peremptory Challenges
4.  Opening Statement
I. Principles
	§4:10	Purpose
	§4:20	Right to Make Statement
	§4:30	Who Opens First
	§4:40	Recording Opening
	§4:50	Avoiding Objections
	§4:60	Objecting to Opponent’s Opening
	§4:70	Using Demonstrative Evidence
II. Objections
	§4:80	Detailing Evidence
	§4:90	Arguing Case
	§4:100	Erroneous Matter
	§4:110	Personal Attacks; Injection of Self; Inflammatory Statements
	§4:120	Financial or Personal Circumstances
	§4:130	Insurance Coverage
	§4:140	Settlement Negotiations
	§4:150	Repairs
	§4:160	Offers to Pay Medical Bills
	§4:170	Inadmissible Pleas, Plea Discussions and Related Statements
5.  Witness Competence
I. Principles
A. General Points
	§5:10	Definition and Presumption
	§5:20	Trial Court Determination
	§5:30	Child Witnesses
	§5:40	Incompetence as Matter of Law
	§5:50	Drugs, Alcohol, & Post-Hypnotic Testimony
	§5:60	Relevancy Distinguished
	§5:70	Impeachment Distinguished
	§5:80	Privilege Distinguished
	§5:90	Physical and Mental Impairment Distinguished
	§5:100	Inability to Speak English Language
B. Procedure
	§5:110	Raising and Determining Competency
	§5:120	Hearing
	§5:130	Effect of Competency Determination
II. Objections
	§5:140	Witness Did Not Take Oath or Affirmation
	§5:150	Witness Lacks Personal Knowledge
	§5:160	Child Is Incompetent to Testify
	§5:170	Insane Person Is Incompetent
	§5:180	Dead Man’s Rule Precludes Testimony
	§5:190	Judge Is Incompetent as Witness
6.  Witness Examination
I. Principles
	§6:10	Control by Court
	§6:20	General Behavior
	§6:30	Objections
	§6:40	Direct Examination
	§6:50	Cross Examination
	§6:60	Redirect and Recross
	§6:70	Impeachment and Rehabilitation
	§6:80	Judicial Examination of Witnesses
	§6:90	Juror Questions to Witnesses
	§6:100	Excluding Witnesses From Trial (Placing Witnesses Under the Rule)
II. Objections
A. Objections to Examination
	1. Generally
		§6:110	Argumentative
		§6:120	Asked and Answered
		§6:130	Assumes Facts Not In Evidence
		§6:140	Leading
		§6:150	Narrative Response
	2. Improper Impeachment
		§6:160	Character for Truthfulness
		§6:170	Conviction of Crime
		§6:180	Prior Inconsistent Statement
		§6:190	Bias or Interest
B. Objections to Response or Anticipated Response
	§6:200	Nonresponsive
7.  Relevance
I. Principles
	§7:10	Relevant Evidence Admissible
	§7:20	Definitions
	§7:30	Determination of Relevance
	§7:40	Trial Court Discretion
	§7:50	Evidence Admissible for Limited Purposes
II. Objection
	§7:60	Evidence Is Not Relevant
8.  Confusing, Prejudicial & Bolstering
I. General Principles
	§8:10	Overview
II. Objections
	§8:20	Unfair Prejudice
	§8:30	Confusion and Misleading
	§8:40	Undue Delay and Needless Presentation of Cumulative Evidence
	§8:50	Self Serving
	§8:60	Bolstering
	§8:70	Ambiguous, Confusing, Compound or Unintelligible Question
9.  Character, Habit & Extraneous Offenses
I. Principles
	§9:10	Definition and Rule
	§9:20	Exceptions to Prohibition of Character Evidence
	§9:30	Habit Evidence
	§9:40	Extraneous Offenses Generally Inadmissible
	§9:50	Exceptions to Prohibition of Extraneous Offenses
	§9:60	Background Evidence
II. Objections
	§9:70	Inadmissible Character Evidence
	§9:80	Inadmissible Evidence of Habit
	§9:90	Inadmissible Evidence of Extraneous Offenses
10.  Hearsay
I. Principles
A. Hearsay Rule
	§10:10	Definition, Rule and Purpose
	§10:20	Effect of Hearsay Admitted Without Objection
	§10:30	Rule of Optional Completeness
	§10:40	Foundations and Predicates for Hearsay
B. Types of Hearsay
	§10:50	“Statement”
	§10:60	Indirect Hearsay
	§10:70	Relevance
	§10:80	Statements by Machines and Animals Not Hearsay
C. Non-Hearsay
	§10:90	Overview
	§10:100	Silence
	§10:110	Verbal Act or Operative Fact Rule
	§10:120	Impeachment
	§10:130	Verbal Part of Act
	§10:140	Circumstantial Evidence of State of Mind
	§10:150	Circumstantial Evidence of Memory or Belief
	§10:160	Effect on Listener
	§10:170	Statement Offered for Limited Purpose
	§10:180	Statutory Exemptions for Hearsay Rule
D. Exceptions
	§10:190	Overview
	§10:200	Witness Availability Irrelevant
	§10:210	Witness Unavailability Required
	§10:220	No Wild Card Exception
	§10:230	Confrontation Clause Limitation
E. Other Ways to Overcome Hearsay Objections
	§10:240	Experts
	§10:250	Cost and Necessity Of Services
F. Attacking and Supporting Credibility of Declarant - TRE 806
	§10:260	In General
II. Objections
A. General Objections
	§10:270	Hearsay
	§10:280	Hearsay Within Hearsay
B. Statements Not Hearsay
	§10:290	Prior Inconsistent Statements
	§10:300	Prior Consistent Statements
	§10:310	Prior Statement of Identification
	§10:320	Statements Under Code of Criminal Procedure Art. 38.071
	§10:330	Admissions
	§10:340	Depositions
	§10:350	Minor’s Statement in Delinquency Hearing
C. Hearsay Exceptions
	1. Declarant Availability Irrelevant
		§10:360	Present Sense Impression
		§10:370	Excited Utterance or Spontaneous Declaration
		§10:380	State of Mind
		§10:390	Statement for Medical Diagnosis or Treatment
		§10:400	Past Recollection Recorded
		§10:410	Business Records
		§10:420	Absence of Business Records
		§10:430	Public Documents
		§10:440	Absence of Public Documents
		§10:450	Market Reports
		§10:460	Learned Treatises
		§10:470	Previous Convictions
		§10:480	Statements Against Interest
		§10:490	Miscellaneous Exceptions
	2. Declarant Must Be Unavailable
		§10:500	Former Testimony
		§10:510	Dying Declaration
		§10:520	Statement of Personal or Family History
	3. Declarant Must Be Available
		§10:530	Outcry Statement
11.  Privileges
I. Principles
	§11:10	Definition and Purpose
	§11:20	Asserting Privilege
	§11:30	Offensive Use of Privilege
	§11:40	Waiver
	§11:50	Absolute and Qualified Privilege
	§11:60	Statements in the Course of Judicial Proceedings
II. Objections
A. Constitutional Privileges
	§11:70	Self-Incrimination
	§11:80	Exercise of Religion
	§11:90	Reporter’s Privilege
	§11:100	Membership and Donor Lists
B. Statutory Privileges
	1. Medical
		§11:110	Chiropractor-Patient
		§11:120	Convalescent and Nursing Homes and Intermediate Care Facilities
			for Mentally Retarded
		§11:130	Emergency Medical Services
		§11:140	Medical Committees
		§11:150	Medical Peer Review
		§11:160	Nursing Peer Review
C. Rules of Evidence Privileges
	§11:170	Required Reports Privileged by Statute [TRE 502]
	§11:180	Lawyer-Client Privilege [TRE 503]
	§11:190	Marital Privileges [TRE 504]
	§11:200	Communications to Members of the Clergy [TRE 505]
	§11:210	Political Vote [TRE 506]
	§11:220	Trade Secrets [TRE 507]
	§11:230	Identity of Informer [TRE 508]
	§11:240	Physician-Patient Privilege [TRE 509]
	§11:250	Confidentiality of Mental Health Information in Civil Cases [TRE 510]
D. Other Privileges
	§11:260	Attorney Work Product
12.  Real Evidence
I. Principles
	§12:10	Definition
	§12:20	Demonstrative Evidence Distinguished
	§12:30	Judicial Perspective
	§12:40	Impact on Jury
	§12:50	Inspection by Jury
	§12:60	Use in Opening Statement
	§12:70	Foundation Requirements
	§12:80	Replica of Real Evidence
II. Objections
	§12:90	Lack of Foundation
	§12:100	Exhibition of Person to Show Injury or Body Condition Improper
	§12:110	Viewing Premises or Scene of Incident Improper
13.  Photographs, Recordings & X-Rays
	§13:10	Photograph
	§13:20	Videotape or Motion Picture
	§13:30	Sound Recordings
	§13:40	X-Ray and Other Medical Diagnostic Imaging Tests
14.  Documents
I. Principles
	§14:10	Rules and Admissibility
II. Objections
	§14:20	Document Not Properly Authenticated
	§14:30	Best Evidence Rule
	§14:40	Summaries
	§14:50	Foreign Language Documents
	§14:60	Public Documents and Records
15.  Demonstrative Evidence
I. Principles
	§15:10	Definition and Purpose
	§15:20	Trial Court Discretion
	§15:30	Introducing Demonstrative Evidence
	§15:40	Proponent’s Considerations
	§15:50	Opponent’s Considerations
	§15:60	Use in Opening Statement
	§15:70	Use in Closing Argument 
II. Objections
	§15:80	Charts, Diagrams, Graphs, or Maps
	§15:90	Models
	§15:100	Demonstrations, Simulations, Recreations, or Experiments
16.  Expert Witnesses
I. Principles
A. In General
	§16:10	Definitions
	§16:20	Gates to Admissibility
	§16:30	Lay Opinion Testimony Distinguished
	§16:40	Demonstrating Admissibility
	§16:50	Review
	§16:60	Helpfulness
	§16:70	Qualification
	§16:80	Relevancy and Fit
	§16:90	Methodological Reliability
	§16:100	Application or Connective Reliability
	§16:110	Foundational Reliability
	§16:120	Reliance on Inadmissible Evidence
	§16:130	TRE 403
	§16:140	Testimony Based on Experience
	§16:150	Weight Accorded Expert Testimony
	§16:160	Subjects of Expert Testimony
	§16:170	Courtroom Tests
B. Procedure
	§16:180	Disclosure Requirements
	§16:190	Compelling Expert Testimony
	§16:200	Objecting to Expert Testimony
	§16:210	Examining Expert Witness at Trial
	§16:220	Requesting Continuance If Court Strikes Testimony
	§16:230	Request for Appointment of Defense Expert
II. Objections
	§16:240	Inappropriate Hypothetical Question
	§16:250	Opinion Testimony on Law
	§16:260	Lack of Helpfulness
	§16:270	Lack of Qualifications
	§16:280	Not Relevant
	§16:290	Lack of Reliability in Methodology
	§16:300	Lack of Reliability in Underlying Data and Assumptions
	§16:310	Lack of Reliability in Reasoning Process
	§16:320	Improper Reliance on Inadmissible Evidence
	§16:330	Unfairly Prejudicial
	§16:340	Ultimate Issue
	§16:350	Identification Evidence
	§16:360	Expert Testimony on Standard of Care
	§16:370	Expert Testimony on Medical Causation 
17.  Parol Evidence
	§17:10	Evidence Violates Parol Evidence Rule
18.  Use of Discovery at Trial
I. Principles
A. In General
	§18:10	Purpose
	§18:20	Effect of Failure to Respond
	§18:30	Objections to Written Discovery
	§18:40	Effect of Failure to Object
	§18:50	Duty to Amend or Supplement
	§18:60	Modification of Discovery Procedures
B. Depositions
	§18:70	In General
	§18:80	Oral Depositions
	§18:90	Written Depositions
	§18:100	Uses
	§18:110	Attorney and Witness Conduct
	§18:120	Examination and Signature
	§18:130	Objections
	§18:140	Depositions as Hearsay
	§18:150	Offering Deposition at Trial
	§18:160	Impeachment by Deposition Testimony
C. Interrogatories
	§18:170	Uses Generally
	§18:180	Uses at Trial
	§18:190	Response by Reference to Documents
D. Requests for Production
	§18:200	Procedure Generally
	§18:210	Electronic or Magnetic Data
	§18:220	Effect of Production
	§18:230	Failure to Respond
	§18:240	Late Supplementation
E. Requests for Disclosure
	§18:250	What May Be Requested; Uses
	§18:260	Time Requirements
	§18:270	Amended and Supplemental Responses
	§18:280	Late Response
	§18:290	Records
	§18:300	Objections
	§18:310	Failure to Respond
F. Requests for Admissions
	§18:320	Generally
	§18:330	Benefits
	§18:340	Uses
	§18:350	Procedure
	§18:360	Failure to Respond
	§18:370	Effect of Admission
	§18:380	Withdrawal or Amendment
	§18:390	Motion to Determine Sufficiency of Response or Objection
	§18:400	Objections
II. Objections
	§18:410	Depositions
	§18:420	Interrogatories
	§18:430	Requests for Production
	§18:440	Requests for Disclosure
	§18:450	Requests for Admissions
19.  Special Exclusions & Limits
	§19:10	Subsequent Remedial Measures
	§19:20	Settlement Offers
	§19:30	Payment of Medical and Similar Expenses
	§19:40	Pleas in Criminal Cases
	§19:50	Arrest Records
	§19:60	Liability Insurance
	§19:70	Statements Made During Mediation
	§19:80	Availability of Collateral Recovery
	§19:90	Evidence of Net Worth
	§19:100	Remarriage in Wrongful Death Case
	§19:110	Tax Consequences of Award
	§19:120	Prior Accidents Involving Location or Product
	§19:130	Plaintiff’s Prior Claims
	§19:140	Defendant’s Expressions of Sympathy
	§19:150	Illegally Obtained Evidence
	§19:160	Spoliation of Evidence
20.  Alternatives to Proof
I. Principles
A. Judicial Notice
	§20:10	Definition, Purpose and Use
	§20:20	Facts Subject to Judicial Notice
	§20:30	Adjudicative Facts
	§20:40	Law of Other States
	§20:50	Law of Cities and Counties, Content of Texas Register and Agency Rules
	§20:60	Procedure
	§20:70	Appellate Review
B. Presumptions & Inferences
	§20:80	Definition and Use of Presumptions
	§20:90	Common Presumptions
	§20:100	Rebuttable and Irrebuttable Presumptions
	§20:110	Inferences
C. Judicial Admissions
	§20:120	Definition and Effect
	§20:130	Enforceability
	§20:140	Quasi Admission
D. Stipulations
	§20:150	Definition
	§20:160	Effect
	§20:170	Enforceability
	§20:180	Withdrawal or Modification
II. Objections
	§20:190	Improper Judicial Notice
	§20:200	Improper Presumption
	§20:210	Testimony Inconsistent With Admission
	§20:220	Testimony Inconsistent With Stipulation
21.  Judicial Conduct
I. Principles
	§21:10	Governing Law
	§21:20	Discretion to Regulate Trial
	§21:30	Power to Ensure Decorum
	§21:40	Regulation of Courtroom Attire
	§21:50	Performance of Duties Without Bias or Prejudice
	§21:60	Objections to Judicial Conduct
II. Objections
	§21:70	Improper Conduct During Jury Selection
	§21:80	Improper Comment on Evidence
	§21:90	Harassing or Embarrassing Counsel or Demonstrating Bias or Prejudice
		toward Counsel
	§21:100	Improperly Examining Witness
22.  Final Argument
I. Principles
	§22:10	Definition and Purpose
	§22:20	Order of Closing Argument
	§22:30	Supplemental Argument
	§22:40	Time Limits
	§22:50	Scope
	§22:60	Procedure for Objecting During Closing
	§22:70	Preserving Error
	§22:80	Invited Error
II. Objections
	§22:90	Failure to Fully Open
	§22:100	Matters Not in Evidence
	§22:110	Demonstrative Materials Not in Evidence
	§22:120	Commenting on Defendant’s Failure to Testify in Criminal Case
	§22:130	Commenting on Failure to Call Equally Available Witness
	§22:140	Commenting on Invocation of Right to Counsel
	§22:150	Injecting Self or Personal Belief; Vouching for Witness’ Credibility
	§22:160	Improper Sidebar Comments
	§22:170	Improper Plea to Passion or Sympathy
	§22:180	Reading or Arguing Law
	§22:190	Personal Attacks
	§22:200	Racial, Political, or Religious Comments
	§22:210	Use of Criminal Case Analogy in Civil Cases
	§22:220	Wealth, Poverty, Self-interest
	§22:230	Golden Rule
	§22:240	Commenting on Opposing Counsel’s Objections
	§22:250	Insurance
	§22:260	Collateral Sources
	§22:270	Settlement
	§22:280	Unit of Time as Measure of Damages (Per Diem Argument)
	§22:290	Effect of Jurors’ Answers to Special Issues
	§22:300	Willingness to Submit to Independent Medical Examination
	§22:310	Using Juror’s Name
	§22:320	Claiming Special Status as Government Lawyer
	§22:330	Pleas to Community Expectations
23.  Charge to Jury
I. Principles
	§23:10	Submission of Charge
	§23:20	Charge Cannot Advise Jury of Effect of Answers
	§23:30	Requests for Inclusion
	§23:40	Not All Pattern Charges Adopted
	§23:50	Broad-Form Submission Preferred
	§23:60	Proper Instructions
	§23:70	Damages Questions
	§23:80	Questions Must Be Raised by the Pleadings
	§23:90	Supplemental Instructions
	§23:100	Objections to Charge
	§23:110	Appellate Review of Charge
	§23:120	Jury Deliberation and Conduct
II. Objections
	§23:130	Instructions, Definitions and Questions
	§23:140	Improper Communications With Jury or Improper Material in Jury Room
	§23:150	Jury Questions, Supplemental Instruction, Read-Back Requests
24.  Motion for Directed or Instructed Verdict
I. In General
	§24:10	Scope of Chapter
	§24:20	Definitions; Terminology
	§24:30	Motion Must State Specific Grounds
	§24:40	Who Can Make Motion; When
	§24:50	Necessity of Motion
	§24:60	Motion on Court’s Own Initiative
	§24:70	Partial Directed Verdict
	§24:80	Formal Writing Not Required
	§24:90	Time for Motion or Ruling by Court
	§24:100	Failure to Re-Urge Motion
	§24:110	Response
	§24:120	Appeal
	§24:130	Criminal Cases
II. Grounds
	§24:140	Claim or Defense Established as Matter of Law
	§24:150	Defect in Pleadings
	§24:160	Scintilla of Evidence
	§24:170	Failure to Meet Burden of Proof
Table of Statutes
Table of Cases
Index

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